Istilah Bahasa Inggris Hukum

Diperbarui: 4 hari yang lalu

Law: Hukum

Legal Standing: Kedudukan Hukum

Judicial Review: Uji Materil/PK

Contempt of court: Perbuatan tercela/ penghinaan/Pertentangan hukum

Justice Collaborator: Saksi pelaku yang bekerja sama

Jurisprudence: Yurisprudensi

Bab : Chapter

Article / section: Pasal

Section/ Subsection / Clause: ayat

Supplement: Tambahan

Voidable: Dapat Dibatalkan

Grand Judge ; Supreme Judge: Hakim Agung

Contitutional Court / Court of Constitution: Mahkamah Konstitusi

Judge; judex factie, justice: Hakim

Penal of Judges: Majelis Hakim

Void ab initio: Batal Demi Hukum

Court: Pengadilan

Court Martial: Pengadilan Militer

Human Right: Hak Asasi Manusia

Circular Letter: Surat Edaran

Customary Law: Hukum Adat

Parole: Bebas Bersyarat

Plaint; complaint, civil action, Suit, Legal Action: Gugatan

Life Sentence /Life Imprisonment: Hukuman Seumur Hidup

Detention: Pidana Kurungan

Imprisonment: Pidana Penjara

Amnesty: Pengampunan

Commutation of sentence: Grasi

Advocate / Lawyer / Attorney: Penasehat Hukum / Pengacara

Defendant: Terdakwa / Tergugat

Claimant / Plaintiff: Penggugat

Suspect: Tersangka

Charged: Terdakwa

Witness: Saksi

Expert Witness: Saksi Ahli

Eye Witness: Saksi Mata

Crown Witness: Saksi Mahkota (saksi untuk meringankan tsk)

Law Breaker: Pelanggar Hukum

Prisoner / Convict / Jailbird: Narapidana

Warden: Sipir

Guilty: Bersalah

Right: Hak

Jury: Juri

Case: Kasus

Justice: Keadilan

Utility: Kemanfaatan

Legal Security / Legal Certainty: Kepastian Hukum

Objection: Keberatan

Judgement: Keputusan

Adjudication: Keputusan Pengadilan

Code: Kitab undang-undang

Trial: Peradilan

Juvenile court: Peradilan anak

Regulation: Peraturan

Dissenting Opinion: Perbedaan pendapat

Equity: Persamaan

Jurisprudence: Putusan hakim

Appeal (court of appealed): Banding

Cassation: Kasasi

International Law / Law of nation: Hukum internasional

Goodfaith: Itikad baik

Consider (sinonimnya think over; judgement; opinion): Mempertimbangkan/ pertimbangan

Secretary of the court: Panitera

Proxy / Donee (terjemahan dr bahasa latin): Penerima Kuasa

Religious Court: Pengadilan Agama

Military Court ; Court Martial: Pengadilan Militer

District Court (of Justice): Pengadilan Negeri

Moot Court: Pengadilan Semu

Administratif Court: Pengadilan Tata Usaha Negara

Tort Law; Unlawful act: Perbuatan Melawan Hukum (1365 BW)

Verdict (u/perdata): Putusan

Decree / Decision; Judgement (Pidana): Putusan

Interlocutory decision (judgement): Putusan sela

Final Judgement: Putusan akhir

Power of Attorney/ Letter of Otoritation: Surat Kuasa


Presumption of Innocence: Praduga Tak Bersalah

Equity Before The Law: Persamaan didepan hukum

Goodfaith: Itikad baik

Double jeopardy: Ne bis in idem



Istilah Hukum Pidana


Criminal Law: Hukum Pidana

Trial Court: Sidang Pengadilan (pidana)

Attorney; Solicitor; Prosecutor : Jaksa

Attorney General: Jaksa Agung

Jaksa Penuntut umum (JPU) : Public Prosecutor

Whistle blower: Pelapor Tindak Pidana/Perdata

Shifting burden of proof: Pembuktian Terbalik

Investigation & Interrogation Report: BAP

Minutes: Berita Acara

Criminal Code: Kitab Undang-Undang Hukum Pidana (KUHP)

Criminal Code Procedures / Procedure criminal of law: Kitab Undang-Undang Hukum Acara Pidana (KUHAP)

Presumption of Innocence: Praduga Tak Bersalah

Tindak Pidana Ringan: Minor Offences

Hukuman Mati: Death Sentence / Death Penalty

Pretrial: Praperadilan

Retroactive: Berlaku Surut

Fine/Forfeit: Denda

Indictment: Dakwaan

Extradition: Ekstradisi

Evidence: Fakta-fakta/bukti

Felony: Kejahatan

Violence: Kekerasan

Negligence: Kelalaian

Victim: Korban

Arrest: Menangkap

Interogate: Introgasi

Seal: Menyegel

Mens rea: Niat kejahatan / Niat Jahat

Enforcement: Pelaksanaan

Law Enforcement: Penegakan Hukum

Forgery: Pemalsuan

Murder: Pembunuhan

Murderer: Pembunuh

Criminal: Kriminal

Prosecution: Penuntutan

Foreclosure: Penyitaan

Detention: Pidana Kurungan

Imprisonment: Pidana Penjara

Innocent: Tidak bersalah

Law Enforcement: Penegakan Hukum

Legal Opinion: Pendapat hokum

White Collar Crime: Kejahatan kerah Putih

Blue Collar Crime: Kejahatan kerah Biru

Detance: Tahanan (polisi/ kejaksaan)

Crime Scene: Tempat kejadian perkara (TKP)

Lawful age; Legal age: Usia dewasa



Istilah Hukum Perdata


Civil Law: Hukum Perdata

Hukum dagang : Commercial law

Deed Establishment: Akta Pendirian

Birth Certificate: Akta Lahir

Marriage Certificate: Akta Perkawinan

Land Title Deed: Akta Tanah

Land Deed Official: PPAT (Pejabat Pembuat Akta Tanah)

Hak Pakai : Right To Use

Building Rights Title: HGB (Hak Guna Bangunan)

Sertifikat Hak Guna Bangunan : Certificate of Right to Build