Istilah Bahasa Inggris Hukum

Diperbarui: 22 Sep 2021

Law: Hukum

Legal Standing: Kedudukan Hukum

Judicial Review: Uji Materil/PK

Contempt of court: Perbuatan tercela/ penghinaan/Pertentangan hukum

Justice Collaborator: Saksi pelaku yang bekerja sama

Jurisprudence: Yurisprudensi

Bab : Chapter

Article / section: Pasal

Section/ Subsection / Clause: ayat

Supplement: Tambahan

Voidable: Dapat Dibatalkan

Grand Judge ; Supreme Judge: Hakim Agung

Contitutional Court / Court of Constitution: Mahkamah Konstitusi

Judge; judex factie, justice: Hakim

Penal of Judges: Majelis Hakim

Void ab initio: Batal Demi Hukum

Court: Pengadilan

Court Martial: Pengadilan Militer

Human Right: Hak Asasi Manusia

Circular Letter: Surat Edaran

Customary Law: Hukum Adat

Parole: Bebas Bersyarat

Plaint; complaint, civil action, Suit, Legal Action: Gugatan

Life Sentence /Life Imprisonment: Hukuman Seumur Hidup

Detention: Pidana Kurungan

Imprisonment: Pidana Penjara

Amnesty: Pengampunan

Commutation of sentence: Grasi

Advocate / Lawyer / Attorney: Penasehat Hukum / Pengacara

Defendant: Terdakwa / Tergugat

Claimant / Plaintiff: Penggugat

Suspect: Tersangka

Charged: Terdakwa

Witness: Saksi

Expert Witness: Saksi Ahli

Eye Witness: Saksi Mata

Crown Witness: Saksi Mahkota (saksi untuk meringankan tsk)

Law Breaker: Pelanggar Hukum

Prisoner / Convict / Jailbird: Narapidana

Warden: Sipir

Guilty: Bersalah

Right: Hak

Jury: Juri

Case: Kasus

Justice: Keadilan

Utility: Kemanfaatan

Legal Security / Legal Certainty: Kepastian Hukum

Objection: Keberatan

Judgement: Keputusan

Adjudication: Keputusan Pengadilan

Code: Kitab undang-undang

Trial: Peradilan

Juvenile court: Peradilan anak

Regulation: Peraturan

Dissenting Opinion: Perbedaan pendapat

Equity: Persamaan

Jurisprudence: Putusan hakim

Appeal (court of appealed): Banding

Cassation: Kasasi

International Law / Law of nation: Hukum internasional

Goodfaith: Itikad baik

Consider (sinonimnya think over; judgement; opinion): Mempertimbangkan/ pertimbangan

Secretary of the court: Panitera

Proxy / Donee (terjemahan dr bahasa latin): Penerima Kuasa

Religious Court: Pengadilan Agama

Military Court ; Court Martial: Pengadilan Militer

District Court (of Justice): Pengadilan Negeri

Moot Court: Pengadilan Semu

Administratif Court: Pengadilan Tata Usaha Negara

Tort Law; Unlawful act: Perbuatan Melawan Hukum (1365 BW)

Verdict (u/perdata): Putusan

Decree / Decision; Judgement (Pidana): Putusan

Interlocutory decision (judgement): Putusan sela

Final Judgement: Putusan akhir

Power of Attorney/ Letter of Otoritation: Surat Kuasa


Presumption of Innocence: Praduga Tak Bersalah

Equity Before The Law: Persamaan didepan hukum

Goodfaith: Itikad baik

Double jeopardy: Ne bis in idem



Istilah Hukum Pidana


Criminal Law: Hukum Pidana

Trial Court: Sidang Pengadilan (pidana)

Attorney; Solicitor; Prosecutor : Jaksa

Attorney General: Jaksa Agung

Jaksa Penuntut umum (JPU) : Public Prosecutor

Whistle blower: Pelapor Tindak Pidana/Perdata

Shifting burden of proof: Pembuktian Terbalik

Investigation & Interrogation Report: BAP

Minutes: Berita Acara

Criminal Code: Kitab Undang-Undang Hukum Pidana (KUHP)

Criminal Code Procedures / Procedure criminal of law: Kitab Undang-Undang Hukum Acara Pidana (KUHAP)

Presumption of Innocence: Praduga Tak Bersalah

Tindak Pidana Ringan: Minor Offences

Hukuman Mati: Death Sentence / Death Penalty

Pretrial: Praperadilan

Retroactive: Berlaku Surut

Fine/Forfeit: Denda

Indictment: Dakwaan

Extradition: Ekstradisi

Evidence: Fakta-fakta/bukti

Felony: Kejahatan

Violence: Kekerasan

Negligence: Kelalaian

Victim: Korban

Arrest: Menangkap

Interogate: Introgasi

Seal: Menyegel

Mens rea: Niat kejahatan / Niat Jahat

Enforcement: Pelaksanaan

Law Enforcement: Penegakan Hukum

Forgery: Pemalsuan

Murder: Pembunuhan

Murderer: Pembunuh

Criminal: Kriminal

Prosecution: Penuntutan

Foreclosure: Penyitaan

Detention: Pidana Kurungan

Imprisonment: Pidana Penjara

Innocent: Tidak bersalah

Law Enforcement: Penegakan Hukum

Legal Opinion: Pendapat hokum

White Collar Crime: Kejahatan kerah Putih

Blue Collar Crime: Kejahatan kerah Biru

Detance: Tahanan (polisi/ kejaksaan)

Crime Scene: Tempat kejadian perkara (TKP)

Lawful age; Legal age: Usia dewasa



Istilah Hukum Perdata


Civil Law: Hukum Perdata

Hukum dagang : Commercial law

Deed Establishment: Akta Pendirian

Birth Certificate: Akta Lahir

Marriage Certificate: Akta Perkawinan

Land Title Deed: Akta Tanah

Land Deed Official: PPAT (Pejabat Pembuat Akta Tanah)

Hak Pakai : Right To Use

Building Rights Title: HGB (Hak Guna Bangunan)

Sertifikat Hak Guna Bangunan : Certificate of Right to Build

Ijin Mendirikan Bangunan: License to Build

Freehold Title: SHM (Sertifikat Hak Milik)

Freehold Title: HGU (Hak Guna Usaha)

Income Tax: Pajak Penghasilan (PPh)

Mortgage: Hipotek

Value Added Tax (VAT): Pajak Pertambahan Nilai (PPN)

Non-Tax Income: PNBP

Fiduciary: Gadai

Restitution: Ganti Rugi

Plaint; complaint, civil action, Suit, Legal Action: Gugatan

Counterclaim: Gugat Balik

Contract: Kontrak

Legal entity: Badan Hukum

Movable asset: Barang bergerak

Immovable asset: Barang tidak bergerak

Notary in civil law: Notaris

Encumbrance: Pembebanan (barang sebagai jaminan)

Financing: Pembiayaan

Assignment: Pengalihan (hak)

Possession: Penguasaan

Tort Law; Unlawful act: Perbuatan Melawan Hukum (1365 BW)

Prenuptial agreement: Perjanjian pranikah

Covenant of Marriage: Perjanjian Kawin/ Pernikahan

General Meeting of Shareholders: Rapat Umum Pemegang Saham

Lease: Sewa-menyewa

Leasing: Sewa-beli



Istilah Hukum Tata Negara


Constitutional Law, State Law : Hukum Tata Negara

Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia: Undang-undang Dasar Negara Republik Indonesia

Act, Law: Hukum/Undang-undang

Government Ordinance: Peraturan Pemerintah

Presidential Decree: Keputusan Presiden

Ministerial Decree: Keputusan Menteri

Amendment: Amandemen

State Gazette, Statute Book: Lembaran Negara

State Budget: APBN

Decree: Dekrit

Quorum: Korum

Threshold: Ambang batas

Chapter: Bab

Article / section: Pasal

Section/ Subsection / Clause: ayat

Istilah dari Artikel Disini

Pancasila

  • Pancasila

  • Humanitarian

  • Communism

  • Democracy

  • Consultation and Consensus

  • People’s Consultative Assembly

  • P4 - Pedoman Penghayatan dan Pengamalan Pancasila atau Eka Prasetya Pancakarsa adalah panduan tentang pengamalan Pancasila dalam kehidupan bernegara diera Orde Baru.

Legal Aid Institution’s

  • Legal Aid Institution’s - Lembaga Bantuan Hukum

  • Basic Rights - Hak Dasar

  • Subversion Cases - Subversi

  • Oppressed - Tertindas, diperlakukan jahat/tidak adil

  • Business Venture -

  • Cheated - Dicurangi

  • Admitted - Mengakui

  • Lawyers - Advokat, pengacara, penasehat hukum

  • Court - Pengadilan

Adat and Customary Law

  • Adat Law - Hukum Adat

  • Customary Law - Hukum Kebiasaan

  • Civilized - Beradab

  • Native law - Hukum Pribumi ?

The Judge and His Profession

  • Judge : Hakim

  • Courtroom : Ruang sidang

  • Trial : Pemeriksaan pengadilan/persidangan

  • Judge: A person who decides in a court whether one is guilty or not.

  • Lawyer: A person learned in law, as an advocate, pleader, etc.

  • Myopic: Unclear vision

  • Offense: crime; an act of injury or wickedness. An act committed against law, hence offence means any act or omission made punishable by the law for the time being in force.

  • Tangible: Capable of being possessed. That which can be perceived by the sense. Tangible property is corporeal or real property as field, etc.

  • Perfunctory: unserious

  • Loathe : feel intense dislike or disgust for

  • Conceivable : understandable

  • Tangent: a completely different line of thought or action


Court and The Accurate Perception of Law

  • Décor: Decoration; Dekorasi

  • Officiously: Official; Resmi

  • Popping in: Pop-in; Muncul

  • Cloaked: Robe; berjubah

  • Defendant: accused, suspect; terdakwa

  • Manacled: chained, handcuff; terbelenggu

  • Witness stand: witness box; tempat saksi berdiri

  • Courteous tones: well behaved tones; nada yang sopan

  • Exasperated objection: irritated objection; keberatan jengkel

  • Matrimonial dispute: matrimonial argument; perselisihan keluarga

  • Embattled: fighted; diperangi

  • Customarily: usually, ordinarily; biasanya

  • Admonition: warning; peringatan

  • Irate: angry, mad; marah

  • Tranquil moments: calm moments; saat tenang

  • Sarcasm: ridicule, irony; sarkasme


The Constitution

  • Stipulate: specify, impose; menetapkan

  • Vested: confer on, invest

  • The apex: peak; puncak

  • Judicature: court, peradilan

  • Territory of state: wilayah negara

  • Tenets of the Law: law Principals

  • Inheritance affairs: legacy, heritage

  • Infringement of the law: violation, offence

  • Misuse of powers: embezzlement, illegal use, abuse

  • Suffer: endure, undergo

  • Tried cases: credible, trustworthy

  • Sued in court: take to court, proceed against

  • Established: set up, create

  • Left to enjoy: benefit, take pleasure

  • Administered by: managed by

  • Obligate: necessitate, require

  • Abolish: eradicate, negate, exclude

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